Sorption of the Direct Black 22 dye in alluvial soil

Jeisiane Isabella da Silva Alexandre, Severino Martins dos Santos Neto, Artur Paiva Coutinho, Tássia dos Anjos Tenório de Melo, Elizabeth Amaral Pastich Gonçalves, Manuella Virginia Salgueiro Gondim, Antonio Celso Dantas Antonino, Ana Emília Carvalho de Gusmão da Cunha Rabelo, Aline Lima de Oliveira

Abstract


The semiarid region of Pernambuco has a large water deficit, leading the population to explore groundwater resources such as alluvial aquifers. The state of Pernambuco also stands out for having the second-largest textile manufacturing center in Brazil. However, the direct discharge of textile effluents from the region's industries has intensified the negative impacts on water conservation and alluvial soils. This work characterized the sorption of Direct Black 22 dye (DB22) in two layers of alluvial soil in the Capibaribe-PE basin. Batch experiments (kinetics and sorption isotherms) allowed the evaluation of the retention potential and mobility of this compound in this environment. Sorption kinetics were verified for stirring times of 0.25; 0.5; 1; 2; 4; 6; 8; 10; 12; 24; 48 and 72 hours and the experimental data was adjusted to the first- and second-order kinetic models. The isotherm occurred with concentrations of 1; 5; 10; 15; 20; 32.5 and 40 mg.L-1 and experimental data was adjusted to the linear, Freundlich and Langmuir models. The sorption kinetics of DB22 was best described by the second-order model, while the Freundlich and Linear models properly fitted sorption isotherms for Layers 1 and 2. The organic matter contents and the cation-exchange capacity of the soil layers influenced the sorption of the dye. The superficial layer privileges dye retention phenomena, while in the subsurface layer dye mobility phenomena prevail.


Keywords


contamination, emerging pollutants, groundwater, isotherms, semiarid, wastewater



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.2483

Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X DOI:10.4136/1980-993X


Editoração:Apoio:Filiada à ABEC:
IPABHi CAPES CNPq ABEC