Manganese ferrite graphene nanocomposite synthesis and the investigation of its antibacterial properties for water treatment purposes

Lara de Souza Soletti, Maria Eliana Camargo Ferreira, Alex Toshio Kassada, Benício Alves de Abreu Filho, Rosangela Bergamasco, Natália Ueda Yamaguchi

Abstract


The main objective of this study was to synthesize a nanocomposite using graphene and manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MnFe2O4-G) and to evaluate its antibacterial activity for water treatment purposes. Its morphological characteristics were evaluated by instrumental techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The characterization results indicated that the nanocomposite presented nanoparticles of approximately 25 nm well dispersed in transparent and large (14 μm) graphene nanosheets. The antibacterial activity was evaluated in a batch experiment using a concentration of 40 μg mL-1 of nanocomposite (MnFe2O4-G, bare MnFe2O4 nanoparticles or graphene oxide), 1x105 CFU mL-1 of Escherichia coli, and 8 h of contact time at room temperature. The highest antibacterial capacity was observed for the hybrid nanocomposite (91.91%), due to the synergic effect of graphene and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles. Various mechanisms were proposed to explain the effective antibacterial activity of MnFe2O4-G, such as wrapping, oxidative stress, sharp-edge cutting effect, among others. The results showed that MnFe2O4-G is a potential alternative in water treatment processes as an antibacterial agent.


Keywords


antimicrobial, magnetic, nanoparticle.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.2515

Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X DOI:10.4136/1980-993X


Editoração:Apoio:Filiada à ABEC:
IPABHi CAPES CNPq ABEC