Moving bed biofilm reactor for treatment of Kraft pulp effluent with high organic load rate

Camila Peitz, Claudia Regina Xavier


The pulp industry uses more than 40 m3 of water per ton of pulp produced, generating high effluent flows. In general, it presents high concentrations of organic matter, color and ecotoxicity. The most widely used effluent treatment systems in the pulp industry are biological, including moving bed biofilm systems that are efficient in removing biodegradable organic matter.  This work evaluated the removal of organic matter, total phenolic compounds, color and lignin derivatives in the treatment of Kraft cellulose effluent using the moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR), and also evaluated the support media biofilm development by solid analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The parameters evaluated during treatment were: BOD5, COD, color, total phenolic compounds, lignin derivatives, and solids, with tests performed on organic loads from 0.7 and 8.9 kgCOD m-3 d-1. Organic matter removal remained stable, being over 80% to BOD5 and over 42% to COD. The color and the total phenolic compounds were removed up to approximately 7 and 28%, respectively. Over 19% removal of derivatives of lignin compounds was observed in both organic load rates. In the MBBR, biofilm was confirmed and enabled this biological system to treat the cellulose effluent in a stable way.


organic matter, recalcitrant compounds, SEM.


Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X DOI:10.4136/1980-993X

Editoração:Apoio:Filiada à ABEC: