Hydrological simulation with SWAT and VIC Models in the Verde River Watershed, Minas Gerais

Lívia Alves Alvarenga, Vinícius Siqueira Oliveira Carvalho, Vinícius Augusto de Oliveira, Carlos Rogério de Mello, Alberto Colombo, Javier Tomasella, Pâmela Aparecida Melo


Successful streamflow forecasts depend on an adequate performance evaluation of the hydrological model. In this study, the hydrological responses were compared using two hydrological models, physic-based and semi-distributed, Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC), using input data from the Verde River Watershed, located in the Minas Gerais state in southern Brazil. This is a study of one of the most important headwater watershed regions of Brazil (Mantiqueira Range). Both models were suitable for streamflow simulation, with values of R2 (determination coefficient) and NSE (Nash-Sutcliffe) higher than 0.8, NSELog higher than 0.35 (Nash–Sutcliffe Efficiency of the logarithmic values of discharge) and PBIAS (percentage deviation) less than 25%. The integration of SWAT and VIC models can be useful in different water-resource assessment studies. Therefore, based upon this study further investigations should be conducted using various hydrological models and climate, land-use and land-cover changes scenarios in the region.


hydrological modeling, performance evaluation, streamflow forecasts, SWAT model, VIC model.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.2492

Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X DOI:10.4136/1980-993X

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