Trophic state of water in the watershed of Lake Mirim, RS, Brazil

Ronaldo Fia, Antonio Teixeira de Matos, Paulo Carteri Coradi, Orlando Pereira-Ramirez

Abstract


The objective of this work was to analyze the spacetime variations in the trophic characteristics of the principal water bodies feeding Lake Mirim, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, by determination of the Trophic State Index proposed by Toledo Jr. (IETT) and Lamparelli (IETL), to assess water quality data between 1996 and 1998. It was verified that the lotic environments presented greater eutrophication conditions when evaluated by the Toledo Jr. methodology, in which the IETT varied from Eutrophic to Hypereutrophic. However, the evaluated environments showed variations from Mesotrophic to Hypereutrophic for the IETL when evaluated according to the Lamparelli methodology. From the classification proposed by Toledo Jr., lentic water bodies were considered Mesotrophic (IETT > 44) and Hypereutrophic (IETT > 74), while the Lamparelli method classified them as Eutrophic (IETL > 59) and Hypereutrophic (IETL > 67). Concentrations of phosphorus encountered in all water samples were greater than the limits established by the CONAMA Resolution n. 357, 2005, for class 2 water bodies, probably due to the discharge of untreated domestic and industrial wastes into the waters.

Keywords


Eutrophication; nutrients; phosphorus; Trophic State Index



Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X  DOI:10.4136/1980-993X

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