Evaluation of the superficial water quality in the affected area of a waste dump

Anne Relvas Pereira, Aldecy de Almeida Santos, Welitom Ttatom Pereira da Silva, José Cezar Frozzi, Klenna Lívia Gomes Peixoto

Abstract


Improper disposal of solid waste in dumps can create various environmental problems, including risk of contamination of surface and groundwater by leachate, a fact which may have serious consequences for public health. In this context, the objective of this work was to evaluate the superficial water quality of the Juma River near the Apui/AM dump. Analyses were performed in dry and rainy seasons and at two points, one upstream and one downstream from the dump. The following physical, chemical and biological parameters that comprise the Water Quality Index (Portuguese acronym, IQA) were evaluated: thermotolerant coliforms, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5,20), total phosphorus, total nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, pH, total residue, water temperature and turbidity. All of the parameters were within the range permitted by regulation, with the exception of pH, which was out of the minimum permitted value, due to the natural characteristics of the watershed. The IQA showed good quality, varying from 62% to 66% between the collection points, indicating that the dump has no influence on water quality.

Keywords


Solid waste, leached, water resources



Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X  DOI:10.4136/1980-993X

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