Treatment of swine wastewater using the Fenton process with ultrasound and recycled iron

Jair Juarez João, Cíntia Souza da Silva, José Luiz Vieira, Milena Felipe da Silveira

Abstract


  

Pork production involves the generation of wastewater containing a high pollutant load. Although the biological systems show satisfactory efficiency for the treatment of these effluents, they demand an elevated area for installation and high production of biological sludge. Alternatively, oxidative processes are an alternative for treating such effluents, requiring minor areas and increasing the efficiency of the treatment. We studied the Fenton process assisted with ultrasound for the treatment of swine slaughterhouse wastewater. Nails used in civil construction were used as the iron source. We evaluated the influence of pH, contact time, nail mass, and hydrogen peroxide concentration on color removal, turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5). The removal of nutrients and oils and greases was also evaluated. The best results using the ultrasound-assisted Fenton process were obtained at pH 3, hydrogen peroxide concentration 90 mg L-1, and a nail unit (2.7g). In these conditions, color, turbidity, COD, and BOD5 removal of 98, 98.2, 84.6, and 98%, respectively, were achieved. The reduction in the other parameters evaluated was above 70%. Catalytic activity maintained above 90% until the sixth cycle of use. In general, the ultrasound-assisted Fenton process using the nail as a catalyst would be an alternative for the treatment of swine slaughterhouse wastewater. This alternative is responsible for the higher removal of organic load and nutrients in a shorter time when compared with biological systems.


Keywords


contaminants, Fenton, organic matter, swine wastewater, ultrasound



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.2453

Revista Ambiente & Água. ISSN:1980-993X  DOI:10.4136/1980-993X

Patrocinadores:

CAPES  CNPq  MCTI  IPABHi  PPGCA  PRPPG  UNITAU

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