Removal of turbidity and color in domestic wastewater using aqueous seed extract of Cassia fistula
Many substances of plant origin are extracted for use in the primary treatment of domestic wastewater. In most cases, they are used as coagulating and flocculating agents and are derived from seeds, leaves, bark or sap, roots, and fruits of trees and plants. In this research, the use of Cassia fistula seed was evaluated for the removal of turbidity and color in domestic wastewater from a pumping station in the city of Cartagena (Colombia). The optimal dose of C. fistula seed powder was determined by jar test using an E&Q F6-300 digital flocculator. Physicochemical parameters such as turbidity and color were determined, following the recommendations of APHA (Standard Methods for Water and Wastewater), expressing the results in UNT (Total Nephelometric Units) for turbidity, and UPt-Co (Platinum-Cobalt Units) for the color. The results obtained show that with a dose of 160 mgL-1 of the coagulant extracted from the C. fistula seed, a value of 34.14 NTU is reached for removal of 62.18% with respect to the initial turbidity value. The color decreases reaching a minimum value of 88.59 UPC for removal of 64%, at a dose of 160 mgL-1 of natural coagulant. The seed C. fistula exhibited good coagulating properties at low doses and can be an important alternative for the removal of color and turbidity in wastewater.
Keywords: color, removal, turbidity, water treatment.
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